Even though the existence of gay and lesbian figures could have increased recently on both broadcast that is commercial cable sites, its not clear exactly exactly just how usually television addresses the intimate dilemmas and issues of intimate minorities.
As noted early in the day, when homosexual and lesbian figures have actually been a part of programs, they will have usually been portrayed in asexual contexts granny group sex. Furthermore, almost all of exactly just what happens to be posted up to now about homosexuality and tv is qualitative (including solitary show instance studies), concentrating on exactly exactly how certain programs have actually portrayed homosexual figures. Although many content analyses have actually evaluated the quantity of sexual content shown on tv generally (Cope Farrar & Kunkel, 2002; Greenberg et that is al; Kunkel et al., 1999, 2003; Kunkel, Cope Farrar, Biely, Maynard Farinola, & Donnerstein, 2001; Sapolsky & Tabarlet, 1991; Ward, 1995), none have actually reported regarding the prevalence of intimate portrayals and speak about sexual dilemmas associated with gays, lesbians, or bisexuals.
This paper centers on factors evaluating content that is nonheterosexual had been included as an element of two bigger content analyses examining intimate content more broadly on US television. Information through the 2001 2002 and 2002 2003 tv periods are acclimatized to respond to questions concerning the prevalence and regularity of intimate behavior and intimate talk relating to nonheterosexuals. Particularly, the info analyses address two broad research concerns: (1) from what extent are nonheterosexual sexual themes, particularly intimate behavior and speak about sex, present in television development general and exactly what habits emerge across program genres, community kinds, and prime time versus nonprime time development? (2) When nonheterosexual intimate content does take place, what exactly is its regularity and exactly how does it differ across genres, kind of system, and prime time versus nonprime time development?
A 3 composite week sampling plan ended up being utilized to have two big yearly random examples of tv programs of best interest to adolescents and that were comprehensive on most sections of this tv industry. Programs had been taped from 11 channels 6 broadcast that is commercial (ABC, CBS, Fox, NBC, UPN, and WB) and 5 cable sites (BET, Cinemax, HBO, MTV, and Showtime). As the content analyses had been element of a bigger scientific study on tv visibility and adolescent sexuality, a few companies had been included due to their interest young audiences including UPN, which televises an amazing quantity of programs with young African American characters (age.g., The Steve Harvey Show, Moesha, Fresh Prince of Bel Air, One using one); WB, which tailors its development to white youth, with programs such as for instance Gilmore Girls, 7th paradise, Sabrina, and Smallville; and MTV, which will show music videos as well as other programs (e.g., dating truth programs) watched by numerous teenagers and teenagers.
Composite week sampling designs have now been utilized in past content analysis studies to acquire representative types of tv programming (Kunkel et al., 1999, 2001, 2003; Madden & Grube, 1994; Wallack, Grube, Madden, & Breed, 1990; Wilson et al., 1997).
This sampling strategy involves arbitrarily picking times of the week or particular time slots for recording over many weeks to cut back prospective bias that might be introduced if all taping had been done inside a calendar week that is single. Recording of this test took place mainly more than a 7 week duration into the autumn every year. Because season premiere episodes are staggered through the entire thirty days of September, we began taping once all nonsyndicated show had been showing episodes through the present season. Each three different days of the week were randomly selected for taping from all 11 stations, with all seven days of the week represented three times in the sample week. The 8 hour time block for taping extended from 3:00 p.m. (of which time youth that is most are away from college) to 11:00 p.m. (through prime time). The entire process of recapturing missed episodes (such as those which is why the satellite sign ended up being lost or even the show was pre empted by sporting or any other events that are special proceeded through the entire winter time.